流感疫苗只适合给“熊孩子”打吗?

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公开课模版测试文章(编辑别推)

彭质斌

中国疾控中心传染病预防控制处 副研究员

哪些人需要接种流感疫苗?

原则上,6月龄及以上所有愿意接种流感疫苗并且没有禁忌证的人都可以接种流感疫苗。

建议优先接种的人群主要有:5岁以下的儿童;60岁及以上老人;特定慢性病患者;医务人员;6月龄以下婴儿的家庭成员和看护人员;孕妇或准备在流感季节怀孕的女性。 

 流感疫苗只适合给“熊孩子”打吗?

针对不同的人群,流感疫苗的接种剂次和剂型有何不同?

一、接种剂次

1.首次接种流感疫苗的6月龄-9岁以下儿童应接种两剂次,间隔≥4周。

2.9岁及以上的儿童和成人,无论是否首次接种,都只需接种一剂次。

二、接种剂型

1.既往未接种过流感疫苗:6月龄-3岁以下儿童接种两剂次0.25ml剂型;3岁-8岁接种两剂次0.5ml剂型;9岁及以上接种一剂次0.5ml剂型。

2.既往接种过流感疫苗:6月龄-3岁以下儿童接种一剂次0.25ml剂型;3岁以上接种一剂次0.5ml剂型。

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