揭秘:减重手术是如何帮胖胖们甩掉肥肉的?
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公开课模版测试文章(编辑别推)

张能维

首都医科大学附属北京世纪坛医院副院长 肥胖外科主任医师

目前存在的减重手术方式有哪些?
几十年以来,真正出现过的减重手术方式有好多种,但目前流传下来的只有两种。
第一种,袖状胃手术。就是把胃裁小,以减少胃容量。
第二种,胃旁路手术。在胃的上部建一个小胃囊,从而把胃离食管很近的地方断开,然后跟小肠接在一起。

揭秘:减重手术是如何帮胖胖们逆袭的?

减重手术的原理是什么?
袖状胃手术,就是单纯地把胃变得很小,人就吃得少了。其原理是减少胃容量,人们即便是饿了,也不会像过去那样有强烈的饥饿感。

揭秘:减重手术是如何帮胖胖们逆袭的?

胃旁路手术的原理有两种。其一,胃部变小,人不再有很强烈的饥饿感,吃得就少了。其二,胃部接在小肠的中间或下一段,吸收的量也会减少。

揭秘:减重手术是如何帮胖胖们逆袭的?

除了袖状胃手术和胃旁路手术外,还有很多减重的方式,它们基本上是属于辅助性的。比如放水囊,肥胖患者体重有600斤或者更高的情况下,用放水囊的方式来做一个临时处理,先减掉30-50斤,做减重手术时再把水囊拿掉。但是,这样的手术方式不能作为单独的治疗方式来使用。
更多相关视频:
为什么你的饥饿感总是“来势汹汹”?
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